Tag Archives: Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland – by Victoria Hansen. The North Star Reports: Global Citizenship and Digital Literacy, at NorthStarReports.org and facebook.com/NorthStarReports

Northern Ireland – by Victoria Hansen. The North Star Reports: Global Citizenship and Digital Literacy, at NorthStarReports.org and facebook.com/NorthStarReports

When someone says the word Ireland what is the first thing that comes to your mind? Is it the numerous fields of luscious green grass? Maybe the first thing that comes to mind is the countless number of sheep that could be found on the island that is Ireland. Or it could simply be a small island country close to the United Kingdom. What usually doesn’t come to mind when thinking about Ireland is its long and strenuous past. Ireland is a land that dealt with oppression for hundreds of years, from the Vikings to the norms and then eventually the British. Many people don’t even realize that the Island that holds Ireland is split between two countries, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.

[One of the Cannons on top of the wall around the old city of Derry]

The Republic of Ireland is its own country but it fought long and hard to get to that point. Northern Ireland is still under British rule but for many that was by choice. I’m not here to give a history lesson so I won’t go too far back into the long and violent path between the Republic and Northern Ireland, but I do have to tell you that the past between these two countries has led to a very tense present. The Republic of Ireland wanted to be one United Ireland and many people living in the North didn’t, which is why they chose to stay within the United Kingdom.

This past weekend, fifteen other St. Scholastica students traveled from the Republic of Ireland to Northern Ireland to stay in a small town. This town has two different names, to the unionist the town is known as Derry and to the loyalist it is known as Londonderry. Considering the fact that we were staying on the island of Ireland we assumed that the differences between the two countries couldn’t be that big, but we were very wrong. The small town of Derry and all of its inhabitants seemed to be waiting with baited breath for the next outbreak of violence to occur.

Being that we were still in Ireland, the people were still nice but not in the way that we are used to. We are used to being approached and engaged in conversation with random people throughout the Republic. That wasn’t how things worked in Northern Ireland. The locals only seemed to want to talk to you after you gave them a reason to and the conversation never seemed to be more than a few words long from either side. It is said that if we would have visited Derry about thirty years ago, we would have been constantly worried about our safety. Riots weren’t uncommon to that city.

[The famous statues depicting the beginning of the peace talks between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland]

It also happens to be home to an event referred to as Bloody Sunday. January 30th, 1972 is the day that is referred to as bloody Sunday. The even refers to civil rights march that happened in Derry, it led to thirteen people being killed by the British Army. As we walked through the streets of the city there were countless murals of those who died during Bloody Sunday, or during the hunger strike. There were murals of others too, the most striking is of a little girl, still in her school uniform. She was only fourteen years old when she was shot in the back of the head by a British Soldier.

As we continued to walk with through the city, you could see the old wall that runs around the old part of the city. On top of the walls there are still cannons just waiting to be used again. Also from atop the walls you could see all the way out to the ocean. Our guide told us they could see threats arriving by water two hours before they would ever make it to the shore which seems almost ironic considering the fact that many times those that threatened the citizens of Derry were actually other Derry locals.
Would you be surprised to hear that the people living in Derry today are extremely proud of the current peace between Northern and Southern Ireland? Probably not. They even have a famous statue in the middle of one of the roundabouts, it depicts two men standing faces to face with hands out stretched towards each other but not yet touching. One of the men symbolizes Northern Ireland and the other symbolizes Southern Ireland. The statues stands in Derry because it is also the city where the peace talks between the North and South began. They also have a peace bridge for pedestrians to cross. Although they wear the word piece like a badge of honor, the wounds of the past are still fresh.

[One of the many murals found around the city of Derry]

The town has yet to heal from its war torn past. It was ripped apart because of the troubles and when thinking about it that way, you might see why the atmosphere is still bitter and untrusting. Everyone seems to walk around on eggshells waiting for the other shoe to drop. Derry is no longer a danger to people’s lives, but it is still very far off from being a tourist destination. From its history to the fact that everything seems to close down in a hurry after six o’clock, Derry is no vacation destination.

Please contact Professor Liang if you wish to write for The North Star Reports — HLIANG (at) css.edu

See also, our Facebook page with curated news articles at http://www.facebook.com/NorthStarReports

The North Star Reports: Global Citizenship and Digital Literacy (http://NorthStarReports.org) is a student edited and student authored open access publication centered around the themes of global and historical connections. Our abiding philosophy is that those of us who are fortunate enough to receive an education and to travel our planet are ethically bound to share our knowledge with those who cannot afford to do so. Therefore, creating virtual and actual communities of learning between college and K-12 classes are integral to our mission. In three years we have published over 250 articles covering all habitable continents and a variety of topics ranging from history and politics, food and popular culture, to global inequities to complex identities. These articles are read by K-12 and college students. Our student editors and writers come from all parts of the campus, from Nursing to Biology, Physical Therapy to Business, and remarkably, many of our student editors and writers have long graduated from college. We also have writers and editors from other colleges and universities. In addition to our main site, we also curate a Facebook page dedicated to annotated news articles selected by our student editors (http://www.facebook.com/NorthStarReports). This is done by an all volunteer staff. We have a frugal cash budget, and we donate much of our time and talent to this project. The North Star Reports is sponsored and published by Professor Hong-Ming Liang, NSR Student Editors and Writers, The Department of History and Politics of The College of St. Scholastica, and the scholarly Middle Ground Journal. For a brief summary, please see the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at: http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

Hong-Ming Liang, Ph.D., Editor-in-Chief and Publisher, The North Star Reports; Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal; Associate Professor of History and Politics, The College of St. Scholastica. Kathryn Marquis Hirsch, Managing Editor, The North Star Reports. Eleni Birhane and Matthew Breeze, Assistant Managing Editors, The North Star Reports.

(c) 2012-present The North Star Reports: Global Citizenship and Digital Literacy http://NorthStarReports.org ISSN: 2377-908X The NSR is sponsored and published by Professor Hong-Ming Liang, NSR Student Editors and Writers, with generous support from The Department of History and Politics of The College of St. Scholastica, and the scholarly Middle Ground Journal. See Masthead for our not-for-profit educational open- access policy. K-12 teachers, if you are using these reports for your classes, please contact editor-in-chief Professor Liang at HLIANG (at) css.edu

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The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Thirty-Seven — Northern Ireland, Goodbye

The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Thirty-Seven — Northern Ireland, Goodbye

By Megan Hennen

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My eight weeks in Derry had seemed to have come and gone in the blink of an eye and before I knew it, we were all packing up our belongings once again for our week long field study in Dublin before heading back to the University’s Coleraine campus. It was a very bittersweet last week because although I was beyond excited to head down to Dublin as well as having the whole group reunited once again, it was extremely difficult to say goodbye to a city that I had become so familiar with and made so many memories in. People had actually started asking me for directions to places around the town and I was able to tell them how to get there with confidence despite the look of doubt they had on their faces once they heard my American accent. And to this day I still miss this place more and more, everything from the people with their stories and their Derry accents to something as simple as walking down Strand Road into the city center or taking a ‘wee dander up the walls’.

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Though the goodbyes were difficult and that I could’ve spent months in Derry, it was time to see and learn more and try to get a better grasp on the conflict and the peace process from the perspective of those down South. So with that we were off to the Republic of Ireland to act as both tourists and students, we would hit all of the main tourist attractions as well as take advantage of the opportunities that come with being a HECUA student and that was something to look forward to.

The North Star Project: Collaboration between The Middle Ground Journal Student Interns, The College of St. Scholastica, and North Star Academy 8th Grade Global Studies Classes, 2013-2014 School Year Summer Reports.

Under the leadership of our North Star host teachers and student interns, The North Star Project has flourished for two years. For a brief summary, please see a recent article in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

This summer we will re-tool and re-design the collaborative program, drawing on the experience of our veteran student interns, ideas from our host teachers, and new projects provided by our incoming student interns. This summer The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. As of the time of this report we have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their brief dispatches here throughout the summer, and report on their interactions with the North Star students and teachers throughout the school year.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA, June, 2013

(c) 2013 The Middle Ground Journal, Number 6, Spring, 2013. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Thirty-Two — Northern Ireland, Lady Thatcher and Historical Memory

The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Thirty-Two — Northern Ireland, Lady Thatcher and Historical Memory

By Megan Hennen

During my time in Northern Ireland, Margaret Thatcher had passed away. Margaret Thatcher, as you may very well know, had been a prominent figure in the world but in Great Britain in particular. My impression of her prior to my semester abroad was based on the very few tidbits of Meryl Streep’s portrayal of her in the movie The Iron Lady, so I had viewed her as a strong woman and a tough politician. I knew essentially nothing about where she stood politically other than she and Ronald Reagan had been friends, but that all changed the day she died as I heard countless opinions from others about her.

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Thatcher came into the position of Prime Minister in the midst of the Troubles and it is believed by many that she further divided political opinions in Northern Ireland. Unionists typically view her in a similar way as Northern Ireland First Minister Peter Robinson as ‘one of the greatest political figures in post-war Britain’. The opinions of most nationalists is based off of Thatcher’s ‘shameful role during the epic hunger strikes of 1980 and 81’ (Sinn Fein leader, Gerry Adams). Irish nationalists view Margaret Thatcher as a murderer, holding her accountable for the ten deaths that occurred during the strikes.

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Having been living in Derry (again, where the population is about 90% Catholic nationalists) at the time of her passing, it was reminiscent of the day Osama Bin Laden had been killed but times ten. It was like a week-long celebration for a lot of the locals which had meant an increase in sectarian activities. This included a party at the Free Derry corner in the Bogside that would serve free cake and milk following the burning of a Margaret Thatcher effigy as well as multiple attacks on the Fountain Estate (the tiny Protestant loyalist/unionist community). The attacks on the Fountain hadn’t been all that shocking, it had actually been anticipated and it was apparent as there was also an increase in the number of the armored police ‘cars’ (which look more like a storm chasers vehicle) rolling around. However, what was shocking who had been carrying out the attacks. Many of the bombs being thrown were being thrown by the hands of children as young as five years old, reinforcing the need for the organizations we had interned for.

The North Star Project: Collaboration between The Middle Ground Journal Student Interns, The College of St. Scholastica, and North Star Academy 8th Grade Global Studies Classes, 2013-2014 School Year Summer Reports.

Under the leadership of our North Star host teachers and student interns, The North Star Project has flourished for two years. For a brief summary, please see a recent article in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

This summer we will re-tool and re-design the collaborative program, drawing on the experience of our veteran student interns, ideas from our host teachers, and new projects provided by our incoming student interns. This summer The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. As of the time of this report we have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their brief dispatches here throughout the summer, and report on their interactions with the North Star students and teachers throughout the school year.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA, June, 2013

(c) 2013 The Middle Ground Journal, Number 6, Spring, 2013. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Twenty-Seven, Northern Ireland — Headliners

The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Twenty-Seven, Northern Ireland — Headliners

By Megan Hennen, Northern Ireland Report #4

As I mentioned in a couple of my previous posts, my HECUA group had toured two different cities that we would eventually split off and move to for our internship portion of the program, half in Belfast and the others Derry/Londonderry. I happened to be in the Derry-group and would intern for the non-profit organization called ‘Headliners’.

Headliners is just one of many organizations aiding in bringing Northern Ireland to a more peaceful future, but what makes this organization unique is who they work with. Headliners works predominantly with children and young adults and during my time at there, I worked with 8-year-old kids, 19-year-old young adults, and all those in-between. Because Northern Ireland has sectarian history, a lot of Northern Irish people that I had met said that in general, N. Irish don’t meet someone of the opposite religion until they go off to university, making it easier to dehumanize the ‘other’. So the main objective of Headliners is to bring youth from different backgrounds together by having the Catholic and Protestant schools congregate in hopes they would recognize that the ‘other’ isn’t all that much different from them. To help these kids come to realize the similarities within the two communities, Headliners has them collaborate on a variety of different media projects whether it be recording a radio podcast, writing pieces for Headliner’s magazine, or photography and videography endeavors.

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At the end of the program, Headliners hands out an evaluation form that the kids would fill out, giving the organization some feedback on what’s working well and what may need some adjustment. It was interesting to see how much these kids either enjoyed working with Headliners as well as the ‘other’ or if they had been uncomfortable with the mixing of what to Northern Ireland refers to as ‘ethnicities’.

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Photo 1 of the now published magazine we (at Headliners) were editing at the time.
Photo 2 of Derry’s Cityside from across the Peace Bridge on the Waterside

The North Star Project: Collaboration between The Middle Ground Journal Student Interns, The College of St. Scholastica, and North Star Academy 8th Grade Global Studies Classes, 2013-2014 School Year Summer Reports.

Under the leadership of our North Star host teachers and student interns, The North Star Project has flourished for two years. For a brief summary, please see a recent article in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

This summer we will re-tool and re-design the collaborative program, drawing on the experience of our veteran student interns, ideas from our host teachers, and new projects provided by our incoming student interns. This summer The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. As of the time of this report we have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their brief dispatches here throughout the summer, and report on their interactions with the North Star students and teachers throughout the school year.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA, June, 2013

(c) 2013 The Middle Ground Journal, Number 6, Spring, 2013. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Twenty-Two, Northern Ireland — Democracy and Social Change

The North Star Project, 2013 Summer Report Number Twenty-Two, Northern Ireland — Democracy and Social Change

By Megan Hennen, Northern Ireland Report #3

As mentioned in my last update, the group had ventured to Derry/Londonderry for the first of our three field studies. The second field study took place in Belfast famous for being the birthplace of the Titanic. However, our purpose in Belfast was to focus on what we came to Northern Ireland for, to learn about democracy and social change in Northern Ireland. Because this was our focus and we were studying under the HECUA program, we were presented with so many different opportunities that we otherwise would’ve missed out on and a couple examples of this were presented during our day in Belfast.

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We spent different parts of the day with three different men who played significant roles in the Troubles. All three men had once been a paramilitary (two IRA men, one UVF), all three had committed shocking crimes, and as a result, all three had received a life sentence in prison. But these guys were roaming Belfast freely because of the Belfast/Good Friday Agreement of 1998, which had released all those imprisoned for committing crimes because of the Troubles. Prior to meeting these men, I was expecting to meet hardened criminals, but that’s just the opposite of what I saw. As they discussed the crimes they had committed and their experiences in the prison, I was almost in disbelief. I was anticipating monsters, but these former paramilitary members were so normal and that was kind of the theme of the day. They dehumanized the people they had murdered and bombed, they didn’t see the ‘other’ as being people. Now having been granted a second chance, these three men are doing what they can to put an end to the sectarian violence and trying to encourage the younger generations to not get involved in the violence. Although all three are hoping for a more shared society and peaceful future, they are still deeply set in either wanting to remain apart of the UK or having a strong desire to reunify Ireland.

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Photo #1 In the Milltown Cemetery in Belfast
Photo #2 This is a photo of the New Republican Plot memorial in the Milltown Cemetery
Photo #3 Shankill Bomb memorial
Photo #4 UDA/UFF mural (the end of the rifle points at you no matter where you stand in front of the mural)

The North Star Project: Collaboration between The Middle Ground Journal Student Interns, The College of St. Scholastica, and North Star Academy 8th Grade Global Studies Classes, 2013-2014 School Year Summer Reports.

Under the leadership of our North Star host teachers and student interns, The North Star Project has flourished for two years. For a brief summary, please see a recent article in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

This summer we will re-tool and re-design the collaborative program, drawing on the experience of our veteran student interns, ideas from our host teachers, and new projects provided by our incoming student interns. This summer The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. As of the time of this report we have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their brief dispatches here throughout the summer, and report on their interactions with the North Star students and teachers throughout the school year.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA, June, 2013

(c) 2013 The Middle Ground Journal, Number 6, Spring, 2013. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, Summer Report Number Nine, Northern Ireland — Culture Shock, By Megan Hennen Northern Ireland Report #2

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The North Star Project, Summer Report Number Nine, Northern Ireland — Culture Shock, By Megan Hennen Northern Ireland Report #2

Having been abroad for about a week and a half, I still hadn’t encountered much culture shock due to our intensive learning on the history and politics of Northern Ireland. It wasn’t until we got out of the classroom for two ‘orientation’ field trips. These field trips were taken in the last week of classes before our group was to split in half and divide between two major cities of the tiny country for the internship segment of the program. It was during these field trips that the culture shock had finally arrived.

Our first field trip was to the city of Derry/Londonderry, home to a significant event of the Troubles, Bloody Sunday. Derry (as the Irish Catholics would refer to the city) is home to a predominantly Catholic Republican population, however, there are certain parts of town that are especially Catholic Republican, one of them being the Bogside (the part of town where Bloody Sunday took place). In the Bog you would find a plethora of Irish Tricolor flags, Irish Republican Army (a revolutionary military organization commonly called the IRA) graffiti and more importantly some of the infamous political murals. Then we went to another side of town called the Fountain Estate.

The Fountain is the miniscule Protestant neighborhood on the city side of the town they’d call Londonderry. Here you’d find the red, white, and blue of the Union Jack on all corners of the wall surrounding this Protestant community. This wall was the most shocking thing I had seen. We had learned about them in class, but there’s nothing like seeing it for yourself. These walls (called ‘peace lines’) had been constructed as a means of protection. Because there’s such a small Protestant population, they have been the targets of Republican violence (paint bombs, petrol bombs, shootings, etc.). Although the Fountain doesn’t see nearly as much violence today, the Protestant community does not yet feel safe enough to have them torn down. How’s that for culture shock?

[Images] TOP LEFT: Peace line with the Fountain to the left of wall BOTTOM LEFT: Union Jack painted on garage signifying British pride MIDDLE: Bloody Sunday mural in the Bogside RIGHT: Tricolor on top of a light post and IRA graffiti in the Bog
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For all of the North Star Project 2013-2014 Reports, see https://mgjnorthstarproject.wordpress.com/
For all of the North Star Project 2013 Summer Reports, see http://www2.css.edu/app/depts/HIS/historyjournal/index.cfm?cat=10

The North Star Project 2013-2014 School Year Reports: The Middle Ground Journal’s collaborative outreach program with K-12 classes around the world. We acknowledge North Star Academy of Duluth, Minnesota as our inaugural partner school, and the flagship of our K-12 outreach program. We also welcome Duluth East High School, Dodge Middle School and other schools around the world to the North Star Project. The North Star Project has flourished since 2012. For a brief summary, please see recent articles in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

https://www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/january-2014/embracing-oa-universities-adopt-open-access-policies-for-faculty-journal-publications

The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. We have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their dispatches here, and report on their interactions with the North Star Project students and teachers.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA

(c) 2013-present The Middle Ground Journal. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, Summer Report Number Five, Northern Ireland By Megan Hennen Northern Ireland Report #1

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The North Star Project, Summer Report Number Five, Northern Ireland By Megan Hennen Northern Ireland Report #1

First and foremost, it’s important to understand that the island of Ireland is not a single country. The island is divided into two parts, the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland.
There’s a long and confusing history riddled in conflict between the Irish and the British Crown that eventually led to the Government of Ireland Act of 1920 resulting in the Partition of Ireland meaning Ireland became a free state aside from the Irish province of Ulster (Northern Ireland) which would remain in a union with the UK and thus forming the border dividing the island. The decision for Ulster to remain united with England ultimately came about by its population, which had been for the most part comprised of British and Scottish protestant settlers who did not wish to separate UK.

Although more people in Northern Ireland view themselves as British and wish to remain in a union with the UK, there are nearly just as many people who identify as being Irish and who’d like for nothing more to form a unified Ireland separate from British rule. These conflicting desires within NI have been the foundation of decades of violence, which the people of Northern Ireland often refer to as ‘the Troubles’. My semester abroad was focused on these violent times and what’s currently being done to propel to peace process forward, as well.

Located in Derry/Londonderry Northern Ireland, this monument is representative of the peace process, the people of Ulster ‘reaching across the divide’ and moving past differences.
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For all of the North Star Project 2013-2014 Reports, see https://mgjnorthstarproject.wordpress.com/
For all of the North Star Project 2013 Summer Reports, see http://www2.css.edu/app/depts/HIS/historyjournal/index.cfm?cat=10

The North Star Project 2013-2014 School Year Reports: The Middle Ground Journal’s collaborative outreach program with K-12 classes around the world. We acknowledge North Star Academy of Duluth, Minnesota as our inaugural partner school, and the flagship of our K-12 outreach program. We also welcome Duluth East High School, Dodge Middle School and other schools around the world to the North Star Project. The North Star Project has flourished since 2012. For a brief summary, please see recent articles in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

https://www.historians.org/publications-and-directories/perspectives-on-history/january-2014/embracing-oa-universities-adopt-open-access-policies-for-faculty-journal-publications

The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. We have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world. We will post their dispatches here, and report on their interactions with the North Star Project students and teachers.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA

(c) 2013-present The Middle Ground Journal. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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The North Star Project, 2013-2014 Report Number Twenty — Sunday, Bloody Sunday, Northern Ireland, by Megan Hennen

The North Star Project, 2013-2014 Report Number Twenty — Sunday, Bloody Sunday, Northern Ireland, by Megan Hennen

‘Sunday Bloody Sunday,’ a song by the rock band U2, refers to the 1972 event known as ‘Bloody Sunday’, which had unfolded in the Bogside.  On January 30, 1972, Civil Rights marchers made their way around the streets of Derry in what was anticipated to be a peaceful protest against Irish Internment.  The British Army stationed in Derry created a blockade preventing the parade from entering the city center.  The bulk of the parade rerouted and made its way to the Free Derry Corner in the Bog.  However, some of boys stayed to throw stones at the soldiers, as a result, some soldiers relocated to the Corner with the rest of the parade, and within the next thirty minutes, chaos ensued, leaving 13 civilians injured and another 13 dead, 7 of those shot dead being under the age of 20.

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Bloody Sunday is still holds a lot of relevance in Northern Ireland today.  The victims both dead and alive have yet to receive the justice they’ve been searching for as the soldiers involved had been deemed innocent.  Surviving victims and the families of the deceased have continued to campaign for another inquiry of the events and wanting to clear the names of the civilians and bring the soldiers they deem guilty to justice.

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These past months since I’ve returned from Northern Ireland, I have seen references to Bloody Sunday used as a marketing ploy a handful of times, namely in the food industry, and this has been a cause for some controversies.  With that being said, in this day and age where it is almost second-nature to be politically correct, I assume these references are made more with the song in mind, unknowing of the U2 reference to the 26 victims of Bloody Sunday.  Instead of becoming grossly offended at another person’s ignorance, it is at times like these when educating someone will be more effective than belittling them.

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[Photo 1] Banner used in the Civil Rights march now hanging in the Museum of Free Derry. The dark spot in the middle is a blood stain from Bloody Sunday.
[Photo 2] The mural ‘Bloody Sunday’ (painted by the Bogside Artists) in the Bog depicts the death of Jackie Duddy with Fr. Daly waving a bloodied, white handkerchief.
[Photo 3] The Free Derry Corner in the Bog.
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For all of the North Star Project 2013-2014 Reports, see https://mgjnorthstarproject.wordpress.com/

For all of the North Star Project 2013 Summer Reports, see http://www2.css.edu/app/depts/HIS/historyjournal/index.cfm?cat=10

The North Star Project 2013-2014 School Year Reports: The Middle Ground Journal’s collaborative outreach program with K-12 classes around the world. We gratefully acknowledge North Star Academy of Duluth, Minnesota as our inaugural partner school, and the flagship of our K-12 outreach program. 

Under the leadership of our North Star host teachers and student interns, The North Star Project has flourished for two years. For a brief summary, please see a recent article in the American Historical Association’s Perspectives on History, at:

http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2013/1305/Opening-The-Middle-Ground-Journal.cfm

Having re-tooled and re-designed the collaborative program, we are drawing on the experience of our veteran student interns, ideas from our host teachers, and new projects provided by our incoming student interns. This school year The Middle Ground Journal will share brief dispatches from our North Star Project student interns, particularly from those who are currently stationed, or will soon be stationed abroad. As of the time of this report we have confirmed student interns who will be reporting from Mongolia, Southern China, Shanghai, northeastern China, The Netherlands, Tanzania, Ireland, England, Finland, Russia, and Haiti. We also have students developing presentations on theatrical representations of historical trauma, historical memory, the price individuals pay during tragic global conflicts, and different perceptions of current events from around the world.  We will post their brief dispatches here, and report on their interactions with the North Star students and teachers throughout the school year.

Hong-Ming Liang, Chief Editor, The Middle Ground Journal, The College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, MN, USA, 2013-2014 School Year

(c) 2013 The Middle Ground Journal, Number 7, Fall, 2013. See Submission Guidelines page for the journal’s not-for-profit educational open-access policy.

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Filed under Megan Hennen, North Star Student Editors, Professor Hong-Ming Liang